Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal relationships, and behavior. BPD was discovered in teens and children but rarely happened to adults.
While a person with depression or bipolar disorder typically endures the same mood for weeks, a person with BPD may experience intense bouts of anger, depression, and anxiety that may last only hours. In addition, people with BPD also show impulsive behavior such as shopping crazy, get drunk and sex unhealthy.
Until now, the exact cause of the occurrence of BPD still unknown, but environmental and genetic factors have a role in shaping a person to show symptoms of the disorder.
Treatments for BPD have adjusted in recent years. Group and individual psychotherapy are at least partially effective for many patients. Within the past 15 years, a new psychosocial treatment termed dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) was developed specifically to treat BPD, and this technique has looked promising in treatment studies. Antidepressant drugs and mood stabilizers may be helpful for depressed and/or labile mood. Antipsychotic drugs may also be used when there are distortions in thinking.
No less important in the treatment of the disorder is Self-help methods. The treatment of this disorder is often overlooked by the medical profession because very few professionals are involved in it. Encouraging the individual with borderline personality disorder to gain additional social support, however, is an important aspect of treatment.
They can be an important part of expanding the individual’s skill set and developing new healthy relationships.