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In September 2016, some researchers in Denmark published a huge study, with data from more than a million people over almost 20 years. What they found was a connection between women using hormonal birth control and taking antidepressants.

Needless to say, it’s been making waves on the Internet, as reporters blast out headlines like “The Pill Causes Depression.” But like so many things in science, and especially research on humans, it’s not really that simple.

The pill has its pros and cons, and it’s used for way more than just preventing pregnancy. Whether you’re using pills, patches, injections, or implants, hormonal birth controls all basically work the same way.

They dump some synthetic hormones into your bloodstream – mostly progestins, and sometimes estrogen. Normally, these hormones are made by the ovaries at certain times in certain amounts and help with lots of biological stuff. Estrogen regulates the menstrual cycle, for example, and progestins help bulk up the uterus to get it ready for a potential fetus. Adding a bunch of synthetic hormones stabilizes those normally-changing levels, which stops the ovaries from releasing eggs, so there aren’t any around to be fertilized in the first place.

Together, these effects are really potent and make it a lot harder to get pregnant. Even when it’s used imperfectly, some estimates say only about 9 women in 100 will get pregnant while just on the pill. Compared to the 18 women in 100 that might get pregnant from imperfectly using male condoms, that’s pretty good. But birth control isn’t just used to control births! Synthetic hormones can help patients with other health conditions, too.

ALSO READ: 7 Surprising Facts About Stress That You Have Never Known Before

Scientists think the extra synthetic progestins might tell the body to kill off older ovarian cells, so they don’t stick around and have the chance to mutate and become dangerous. So the pill can do a lot of good, but there are some risks, as well. Research has found a very small possible increase in the risk of other cancers, like breast and liver cancer, in patients that were using hormonal birth control with extra estrogen.

antidepressants, estrogen, polycystic ovary syndrome, birth control

A similar risk has been seen in people who get their periods early, or never have kids. This link is still pretty uncertain, but it seems to be a danger from exposure to lots of estrogens, natural or artificial.
Some researchers think this might have to do with cells breaking down the estrogen and making oxygen radicals, which are really chemically reactive, can damage DNA, and cause cancerous mutations.

On the other hand, pills with synthetic progestins can make it more likely for blood clots to form in veins, a condition called deep vein thrombosis. Researchers think the synthetic hormones in the pill can trigger an increase in blood clotting factors, basically making blood “stickier” and more likely to clump up. If these clots break loose, they can travel to the lungs and block an artery, and keep oxygen from getting into the bloodstream, which can be deadly.

ALSO READ: How To Avoid Listeriosis During Pregnancy?

But, even though there were over a million people surveyed, they were all Danish women, which is a pretty limited population. Plus, contraceptives have changed a lot in the past 20 years while they were collecting data, so it’s hard to figure out what specifically about the hormonal birth control might be to blame. So it is an important study to help us understand some of the possible risks of the pill and other hormonal methods. But it’s also just one piece of evidence.

Ultimately, we can only say that there’s a correlation in their data, but we can’t know anything for sure about causation yet. As for other research: In 2012, a meta-analysis of studies from 1976 to 2010 on hormonal birth control and depression didn’t find a clear link between the two. But there also weren’t that many studies out there – the scientists were only able to look at around 25 research papers and reviews.

So, does birth control cause depression? Maybe... but maybe not. But lots of scientists agree that more research needs to be done! Hormonal birth control has completely changed the game in health and letting people choose if and when they want to become pregnant. And like any medical treatment, it comes with some risks. It’s up to researchers and doctors to figure out how high those risks are – and up to individual people to decide whether those risks are worth the benefits to them.

The best place to get information about lose weight, pregnancy, yeast infection, depression, healthy lifestyle
Hello, friends. Now we have discussed regarding management of diabetes and its different aspects, and first, we have discussed self-monitoring of blood glucose and how you should check your sugars levels and what are the normal ranges.

Now first important thing in a management of diabetes when your being diagnosed with high blood sugars in pregnancy, first important thing doctors tell you regarding your lifestyle management.

So you should do a proper dietary management and exercise. You should follow a proper exercise pattern. So in this article, we are going to mainly focus on important tips for diet and exercise during pregnancy and which you should follow and control, which will help to control sugar levels during pregnancy.

diet diabetes

Now let's discuss "diet for Gestational Diabetes while pregnant". First, we will discuss the dietary management. So in that, we will discuss some important tips. You should have small and frequent meals. As having small and frequent meals lead to a healthy weight gain and it also helps to control your blood sugar levels in normal range.

You should prefer fiber and protein rich food in your meals and especially as a mid morning and mid evening snack such as salad, fruits, buttermilk, nuts, etc. So these fiber and protein rich foods take the longer time to get digested and so your sugar level increases slowly. So prefer these fiber and protein rich foods in your regular diet. Then you can prefer light snacks which will not increase your sugar levels such as khakra plus sprouts, then rajgira, jowar or wheat puffs as your evening snack option.

In dry fruits, avoid dates, dry figs as they increase your sugar levels. Prefer these when your blood sugar level is on the lower side. That is less than 100 mg/dl. Otherwise, prefer other dry fruits. Then take a good combination of complex carbohydrates, proteins, and fibers in your meals. So sources of complex carbohydrates are whole grains and cereals like dalia, brown rice. So you should prefer these complex carbohydrates. You can prefer wheat flax, muesli, oats, specially rolled oats as options for your breakfast.

Then sources of protein for not - vegetarians you can prefer eggs, chicken, and fish. For vegetarians, you can prefer milk and milk products, pulses, sprouts, nuts as protein sources.

Then sources of fiber include green salads, sprouts, fruits, green leafy vegetables. So you can prefer these options and control your sugar levels in normal range. Then you should take one cereal at a time in your meal as either chapati or bhakri or rice. Do not take two cereals at a time, like do not take wheat or chapati as well as rice or bhakri as well as rice in your meals. It will increase your sugar level. So take one cereal at a time. And with that take a good combination of proteins and fiber. If you are overweight or obese, then prefer low-fat foods such as low-fat or skimmed milk, egg white, chicken, fish, especially grilled or steamed form, then soy paneer in your diet.
So avoid high-fat foods, fried and oily spicy food in your diet because this will lead to healthy weight gain. Then you should prefer low glycemic foods in your diet. So you can refer to the chart given below. So the foods which are in the green zone, you should prefer them and foods which are in a red zone, you should avoid them. So you should follow the signal method. So you should avoid the red zone foods and prefer green zone foods.

Must Read: Diabetes And Sleep Apnea In Pregnancy

Now we have discussed dietary management. So during pregnancy, vigorous exercise is not allowed, but you should do regular exercise as per the advice of your gynecologist and prefer walking.

So walk for 15 -20 minutes at a time at least twice or thrice a day so that you can walk around 30-45 minutes in a whole day and you should divide that time. You should not walk at a stretch for 45 minutes, and you should not prefer doing any vigorous kind of exercises in pregnancy. But definitely, you can prefer walking and other exercises during pregnancy.
The best place to get information about lose weight, pregnancy, yeast infection, depression, healthy lifestyle

Pregnant women with diabetes in pregnancy did have a 7-fold risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea. The study that published in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism highlights the number of mothers who had diabetes during pregnancy is also suffering from snoring and sleep apnea.

gestational diabetes


Diabetes is thought to be caused by obesity in women. And recent data also indicate that snoring and sleep apnea can be one of the factors that led to a metabolic disorder which eventually lead to diabetes in pregnancy. Sleep apnea itself, if not treated will increase the risk of heart - vascular disease, stroke and heart attack.

The team of researchers from Rush University Medical Center in Chicago found that nearly 75 percent of people with diabetes in pregnancy also snore and suffer from obstructive sleep apnea.

The study looked at 45 of pregnant women. 15 pregnant women with diabetes in pregnancy, 15 pregnant women without diabetes and the last 15 are really healthy. The results found a strong correlation between sleep apnea and diabetes. Pregnant women, who do not have diabetes, sleep longer and more sustainable without falter. Yes, if someone is suffering from snoring and sleep apnea, sleep process will falter due to recurrent spasms during sleep. So the sufferer wakes short-wake repeatedly in the bed without realizing it.

While this study looked at the relationship of gestational diabetes and snoring from different sides. Nevertheless, the conclusion remains the same, regardless of diabetes caused sleep apnea or sleep apnea caused diabetes, both conditions should be treated. Then the researchers suggest the mothers who had diabetes during pregnancy to examine the possibility of suffering from sleep apnea, and also pregnant women who snore to get monitor about the possibility of diabetes.

What are the things that needed to be prepared to get a healthy pregnancy?

  1. Regular health checks, including treatment of illness before pregnancy, until declared cured or allowed becoming pregnant by a doctor and under supervision.
  2. Maintain fitness and health with regular exercise. Trying to lose weight if obese (overweight) and gain weight when too thin. You can consult with midwives and doctors to check your body mass index.
  3. Stopping bad habits, e.g. heavy smokers, dope addict, drug addict, alcohol addict and free sex.
  4. Increase intake of nutritious food by consuming foods that body needs in preparation for pregnancy, such as protein, vitamin E, vitamin C, folic acid, and so on.
  5. The psychological and mental preparation that will be undertaken, pregnancy does not cause tension. Avoid the things that would adversely affect the hormonal balance. 

I'm sure, when you practise regularly, the pregnancy will be the happiest moment for you.
The best place to get information about lose weight, pregnancy, yeast infection, depression, healthy lifestyle
Beware of 5 Things that Cause Fetal Disorder. Brings a lot of mixed emotions for a couple having a healthy and intelligent baby. Parents and doctor should be aware of a variety conditions during pregnancy, most of them do not realize the environmental conditions and the pregnant woman’s health effects in the health of her fetus.

Fetal Disorder pregnancy


Many internal and external factors of pregnant women can influent fetal growth and development so it will interfere the baby health when he was born.

Beware of 5 Things

Cigarette smoking 

Not only the active smoker, the passive smoker will get the bad impact. Cigarette smokes that exposure in pregnant women will cause asthma and respiratory symptoms in children. Other studies in children who were born from a mother that exposed with smoke during the pregnancy have risk two times higher impaired attention and tend to be aggressive when reaching the age of five years. Other studies state that smoking is the number one cause of the birth of infants with adverse conditions, such as premature birth, late growth in too small baby’s birth, and the most severe of organ damage is a failure of the fetus or death.

Prolonged flu

The risk of schizophrenia or mental illness tripled when the mother had the flu during the first half of pregnancy and increased seven-fold if the exposure occurs in the first trimester. The overall risk is small. However, the findings show that approximately 97 % of children who was born from the mothers who had the flu while pregnant are at risk of schizophrenia. Although researchers do not know the mechanism of action, allegedly antibodies released by the maternal immune system can influence brain development. But the direct effect of the flu virus is still investigation.

Consumption of antidepressants

Though based on a review of several studies is known if the consumption of antidepressants during pregnancy will provide long-term effects on the fetus. More than 13% women taking antidepressants during their pregnancy. Other studies also found eating one type of antidepressants that is selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy is associated with a higher risk of miscarriage, birth defects, premature birth and infant behavioral disorders, including autism.

Exposure to air pollution

Air pollution that caused by traffic, industry and the dust during pregnancy will increase the risk of low birth weight babies. There are two types of motor vehicle pollution which affect the growth of the fetus, those are the black particles and nitrogen dioxide. These two types of pollution can enter the lungs and interfere the function of the organ. The results of the study in the USA, as quoted by the BBC said, the high exposure to pollution from vehicle fumes in women in early and late pregnancy may cause the fetus does not grow properly so babies born with low weight. However, a recent study found that the addition of fruit and vegetable intake during pregnancy can help protect the fetus from the effects of pollution.

Obesity

Pregnancy weight or obesity that occurs during pregnancy (maternal obesity) increases a woman's risk for gestational diabetes or undergoing preterm labor, including giving the risk of obesity and diabetes in the child. A recent study has also linked the women's weight between pre - pregnancy with the risk of asthma in children. According to a study in 2013 found that 12 percent of 1,100 children who was born from obese mothers will often experience asthma at the age of 14 months than babies who was born from mothers with normal weight (four percent). The prevention with the regular exercise by walking at least 20 minutes, four times a week.

Beware of 5 Things that Cause Fetal Disorder:
  • Cigarette smoking 
  • Prolonged flu
  • Consumption of antidepressants
  • Exposure to air pollution
  • Obesity 

Prevention

To prevent those above things, pregnant women are advised to take prenatal care or antenatal care (ANC) to monitor the health of mother and fetus in the womb. Prenatal care is a series of tests carried out at regular intervals from the beginning of pregnancy until the birth to monitor the health of the mother and the fetus in order to achieve optimal pregnancy.

We welcome your dear new child to this world with love. Congratulations!